Wednesday, October 1, 2014

600 Mile Wide Impact Crater in the Pacific NW caused the Younger-Dryas extinction level event.

Location first brought to my attention from the website:!

Nothing in this paper argues ‘for’ or ‘against’ theology-creationism, or ‘for’ or ‘against’ gradualism-evolution. My sole interest is finding facts without regard to whether they support one side or the other of the argument. My opinion is they both are about equally in error.

There is an impact crater in the Pacific Northwest (Sacajawea impact crater) and a larger "exit wound" crater on the opposite side of the globe (the Taklimakan Desert in Western China), the primary impact point is near Sacajawea Peak in North Eastern Oregon. It is a complex crater with a clearly visible crater rim, and can be seen by a casual observer at about 600 mile altitude on Google Earth. An Eastern slope failure is the Yellowstone Basin. Northern ejecta is visible as the Rocky Mountains and the Canadian Range into Alaska on the NW side, and into Utah, Nevada and California on the South side. 

On the western edge of the crater are the "NW Ring" of volcanoes, which consists of Mt. Sister, Mt. Jefferson and Mt. Hood in Oregon; as well as Mt St. Helens, Mt. Adams and Mt. Rainier in Washington State.

The gigantic size of this crater at more than 600 miles wide covers 80% of the state of Washington, 100% of the state of Idaho, and about 75% of the state of Oregon, which suggests that the impactor was something in access of 25-30 miles wide.

Based on the oblong scar opposite the Sacajawea impact crater, in the Taklimakan Desert in Western China, the exit scar appears larger than the impact crater at about 800 miles in width. It certainly appears to be an exit wound with errata and ejecta into Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran. It has an obvious visual appearance of an "exit wound" with several smaller 'exit wounds' in its general vicinity. If a large meteor struck the earth that was over 25 miles in diameter, could it penetrate the crust and Earth's upper mantle, travel through the liquid molten center, and exit through the upper mantle and crust on the opposite side of the globe?

Simple ballistics will give us a good idea. If we reduce the Earth down to the size of a large goose egg, (about 10" in circumference around its longer side) the Earth' crust and upper mantle would be roughly the thickness of the goose egg's shell and inner membrane. The inter mantle, magma and core of the Earth would be roughly equivalent to the goose egg's inner white and yolk sack, although the goose egg interior mass is probably less dense, when compared to the Earth's core. But generally speaking they are roughly equivalent. For the experiment I would recommend draining the egg though a small hole, and filling it with a gel like substance to mimic the Earth's core density.

The Earth is just less than 8,000 miles in diameter (actually 7,918 miles) at the equator. But more importantly, the surface (circumference) of the Earth at the Equator is just less than 25,000 miles. (Actually 24,901) Divided by 30 miles, (the size of the 'asteroid') readily shows us the the projectile would be 1/830th the size of the Earth.

Reducing 1/830th of the Earth's surface to the size of a large goose egg (measuring around the egg the long way) which is, on average about 10" more or less, when converted to millimeters, 10" equals 254 millimeters. Dividing the 254 millimeters by 830, returns a projectile roughly 0.30 millimeters in diameter. (Or about 1/64th of an inch) Or, about the size of the period at the end of this sentence.

Now, if we look at the speed of the 30 mile asteroid, which generally enters the atmosphere at (give or take) 25 miles per second, (or about 132,000 fps), and impacting the Earth at something less than that, less than 90,000 fps). Which takes into consideration the very slight braking effect of our atmosphere. (traveling at 25 miles per second means the asteroid would be in our atmosphere for about 7-8 seconds.

Reducing the 'asteroid' projectile to the 'sentence period' as defined above (as it relates to the goose egg), means the period sized projectile would travel about 1,084 fps on impact and travel on through the egg. Depending on internal deflection, it would exit the egg roughly on its trajectory, without much surface damage to the egg shell. If equivalent to the Earth, the entry hole on the eggshell would have roughly a 5 mm entry wound. The exit wound would be a 'blow out' crater, significantly larger than the impact crater, which is exactly what the Taklimakan Crater in China shows. If the impact spherule were larger, it would damage the entire egg structure, but its small size in comparison to the egg shell suggests it would penetrate the shell, travel through the egg center and exit out the other side.

The above is quite easy to test in a laboratory setting. If the ballistic dynamics are as close to what is related here, it would demonstrate that a 30 mile diameter object could and did penetrate the Earth's crust sometime in the past, leaving the residue of the Sacajawea Crater and the Taklimakan Crater as its calling card.

This is different information than has been presented before, so it puts in question the long held macro time scales for large impact craters of a lot smaller size. There are several good solution to this problem. One might be to do 14c tests on Clam beds in the high Plateau of the Colorado Rockies. Another is to definitively c14 test the Yellowstone Gorge. That geological anomaly is currently dated to between 10,000 and 14,000 years in age based on preliminary c14 tests.

The Sacajawea Crater, based on the c14 dates of the Yellowstone Gorge, fits the model as the driver of the mega-extinction of giant flora and fauna at the Younger Dryas evemt at about 12,800 years ago. It is not my purpose to argue the Y-D barrier, only to postulate the Sacajawea impact as the primary driver for the ensuing mega extinction. It also fits most other anomalies in the geological record surrounding the Y-D event. For example, the deliberate burial of Gobelki Tepi, and the megalithic cultures of the high Andes, Egypt and the Near East.

It is not the object of this report to speculate on the ensuing global cataclysm following the impact. It is, however, quite evident that the catastrophe that followed would have been more devastating than the Chicxulub impact event that ‘supposedly’ killed the dinosaurs, as argued to have happened 65 million years ago.

In late 2014, several scientists published papers on the first direct evidence of massive reservoirs of sub surface water that is three times the size of Earth’s surface oceans. The reservoirs are about 750 miles below the Earth’s crust. The following graphic illustrates the relationship. (205) Illustration by Jack Cook Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution 

The blue ball at “A” represents the amount of ocean water compared to the size of the Earth. The two small blue balls at “B” represent the amount of fresh water lakes and river water compared to the size of the Earth. The large blue ball at “C” represents the relative amount of water in sub surface reservoirs. Any transfer of the sub surface water to the surface oceans would cause massive flooding of the world’s oceans.

I contend that is exactly what happened 12,900 years ago. A massive comet strike in the Pacific Northwest (The Sacajawea Impact Crater) penetrated the Earth’s crust, and the exit crater at Taklimakan released a vast amount of the subterranean water reservoir into the oceans, causing a global flood some 800’ above the then ocean level, or about 500’ about current sea level today.

I will make the declarative statement that the Sacajawea impact event at 12,800 ybp DID in fact drive many giant flora and fauna INCLUDING some surviving species of dinosaurs into near extinction, with a few remaining scattered groups surviving into the late Holocene (near modern times), providing models for rock drawings, clay models, tapestry and figurines, etc. The Younger-Dryas event is recognized to be centered in North America, which also fits the model. In a later Blog, I will make the case for Dinosaurs living up into the late Holocene, but the primary proof is the more than 63 DNA tests done on un-fossilized dinosaur bones returning dates of 12,000 to 42,000 ybp. (In addition to Dr. Mary Schweitzer (of North Carolina State) who found “elastic collagen and hemoglobin elements” in a T-Rex hind limb. (that is “Blood and Tissue” for you non techies.) 13K years is the extreme outer limits for survival of unstable biological elements. Certainly NOT 65 million years. If you don’t believe me, ask any biologist or chemist.

Your review and counter argument is appreciated.

Please NOTE that credit is given at the beginning and at the end of this paper where the two Google photos were first published. I do not take credit for initially finding the photos. All else in this paper is original work by myself.

Location first brought to my attention from the website:!

John Jensen  Oct 1, 2014, updated Oct 25. 2014
Edited March 11, 2017


  1. Has the Sacajawea Crater in Oregon been identified by geologists using impact crater studies that include such things as shock metamorphosis, shock melt, petrology, remote imaging, or other similar means?

  2. From chapter 10 of my book "Earth Epochs" free here:

    Black Mat - Excerpts from a News Release by UC Santa Barbara:

    In Central Mexico, Scientists have identified a thin, dark layer of “exotic” sediment materials in the floor of Lake Cuitzeo consisting of Nano diamonds, impact spherules and more, which are the result of a serious Earth impact caused by a cosmic body.

    This new data provided by James Kennett, Professor of Earth Sciences as UC, Santa Barbara and his 16 member international team is the latest to strongly support the controversial hypothesis that the Earth experienced a major cosmic impact 12,900 years ago. The researchers identified a family of Nano diamonds, including lonsdaleite, which is unique to cosmic impact by conducting a wide range of tests.
    The team also found evidence of high velocity impact spherules that had collided with other spherules during the impact chaos. Kennett noted that such features could not have formed through volcanic, anthropogenic, or other natural processes. “These materials form only through cosmic impact,” he stated.
    Based on the data and evidence which points to an extremely large asteroid or comet entering the atmosphere at a rather shallow angle with a very high heat index at impact. Surface heat increased to a level that melted surface rock and burned large quantities of biomass. The result caused major disruptions of the environment on a wide scale basis.

    Kennett explained:
    “These results are consistent with earlier reported discoveries throughout North America of abrupt ecosystem change, megafauna extinction and human cultural change and population reduction.”
    Age of the sediment layers, according to the research team is the same age as that reported at other locations in North America, Greenland and Western Europe, or about 13,000 years old. In the complete geologic column there are only two known continent wide layers with high peaks of Nano diamonds, impact spherule, and aciniform soot. These are the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary (and extinction level event) and the Younger-Dryas boundary event at 12,900 years ago that is closely associated with the extinction of many large North American animals, including saber tooth cats, dire wolves, mammoths and mastodons.

    Kennett said "The timing of the impact event coincided with the most extraordinary biotic and environmental changes over Mexico and Central America during the last approximately 20,000 years, as recorded by others in several regional lake deposits. These changes were large, abrupt, and unprecedented, and had been recorded and identified by earlier investigators as a ‘time of crisis.' ".

    Other scientists contributing to the research include Isabel Israde-Alcántara and Gabriela Dominguez-Vásquez of the Universidad Michoacana de San Nicólas de Hidalgo; James L. Bischoff of the U.S. Geological Survey; Hong-Chun Li of National Taiwan University; Paul S. DeCarli of SRI International; Ted E. Bunch and James H. Wittke of Northern Arizona University; James C. Weaver of Harvard University; Richard B. Firestone of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Allen West of GeoScience Consulting; Chris Mercer of the National Institute for Materials Science; Sujing Zie and Eric K. Richman of the University of Oregon, Eugene; and Charles R. Kinzie and Wendy S. Wolbach of DePaul University.

    It is more likely, rather than less likely that a major impact event occurred in the Pacific Northwest circa 12,900 YBP. As the Sacajawea crater bowl appears to be the only extant crater rim in the area, it is also likely that it is the impact point in question.


  3. Wow, I have been studying the Taklimakan Desert as a crater for a while and am so glad someone else on this planet suspects this to be a crater! I have never thought of it as an exit crater and this info will give me some food for the thought! Whatever happened definitely convoluted the areas to the west, created the Tibetin Plain and could have been responsible for the extreme upheaval of the mountain range to the south (Mt Everest etc). I would suspect that molten material flowed to the southeast down into Laos. I will also bet that there is a lot of gold down in the original flow. That what is looks like. Something huge happen there!

  4. Thank you for this, it has helped gauge the impact of the Eye of Africa, Mauritania. This also was an impact; but we think maybe more like the Tunguska Event.

    1. Hi Andrea,

      Sorry, I tend to disagree that the 'Eye of Africa' is an 'impact crater'. It shows almost no characteristics of an impact, and almost all the characteristic of a 'thunderbolt' strike, including 3 additional inline and progressively smaller bowls. The folks that do the 'Electric Universe' hypothosis, (Thornhill, et al) can do a creditable job of explaining the mechanics, and referencing other evidence of similar strikes throughout the Solar System, particularly the Moon and Mars.

      I make the case in Earth Epoch in some detail, that gravity as we know it, is in reality not a force as defined by Newton, but rather an Electrostatic Field and it is variable in "Density". Which would solve the mystery of giant to colossal flora and fauna in our geological past. If that is the case, then a passing planet could and probably would discharge a humongous strike (either positive of negative) effectively altering the the charge density of our Electrostatic envelope. The Mauritania strike, by appearance and if the relative time frame of the sudden extinction of giant flora and fauna, the strike occurred somewhere between the late Pleistocene to Mid Holocene. My personal opinion is that it occurred simultaneously with the "Last Great Cataclysm" 7K years ago. Because the Earth did in fact experience a density increase at that time. Though I will admit that it may have happened during the Younger Dryas event at 12,900 YBP or the earlier first Ice Melt surge of just under 15K years ago. In any case, it does appear to be a gigantic "thunderbolt" or lightning strike. Probably positive.

      At some time in our very cataclysmic past, there was a negative charge that left Earth's static envelope nearly devoid of density. That discharge strike caused a drain of the Electrostatic Field down to a very light charge which allowed for the growth of extreme land creatures, and mighty trees and other vegetation. Trees that were miles high, and ferns that grew to 100' tall.

      In any case, thanks for your response.

  5. Once again, I am so glad folks are looking at our planet through real time eyes instead of established scientific dogma. All theories have merit but until validated, they are theories.
    In my own (casual) studies, I have been taking a deeper look at the flood (Noah's) and wondering if perhaps during the recent "Last Great Cataclysm" as you state John, a lot more happened then we, to date, have estimated. This flood occupy the myths of civilizations globally although some may be copies from one another. In the Biblical description it talks about the fountains within the earth being opened. What caused this event that is would flood the planet or at the very least impact our world. I believe we were impacted by a large object, the "thunderbolt" being a viable candidate. What ever must have come from extreme pressure (like pressing on a full bladder). As I have continued to study the Talimakin desert, I am beginning to wonder if this might have been one of the fountains where water gushed out. Studying the flow away from this desert primarily southeasterly and west, well, how else can I describe it other that looking like muddied and washed out roads. I have jokingly said that the Grand Canyon looks like a big washout but there may be more truth than fiction on this joke. Water is powerful, I learned that while spending three and a half year aboard ship and seeing some horrendous damage done in some storms we were in. John your "Thunderbolt" info is facinating and very plausible. It would be interesting to see if there are magnetic anomalies in Sacajawea Crater or the Talimakin Desert and surroundings. Exuberant stuff!

  6. Hi Pat,

    The idea of 'Waters from the Great Deep' is discussed in my book 'Earth Epochs' page 257. In essence I discuss the Underground ocean of fresh water that is three times the size of all the oceans, lakes and rivers on the surface.

    In late 2014, several scientists published papers on the first direct evidence of massive reservoirs of sub surface water that is three times the size of Earth’s surface oceans. The reservoirs are deep below the Earth’s crust. As water filters down through the crust, it is 'purified' through that process, turning saline water into fresh or desalinated water. (Aboriginal use the process today to filter stream and river water, by digging a hole in the ground close to the flowing water, and using water that 'seeps' into the hole as drinking and cooking water.)

    Any transfer of the sub surface water to the surface oceans would cause massive flooding of the world’s oceans. I contend that is exactly what happened 12,900 years ago. The massive comet strike (The Sacajawea Impact Crater) penetrated the Earth’s crust, and the massive 'exit' crater in the Taklamakan Desert together released a vast amount of the Earth's subterranean water reservoir into the oceans, causing a global flood some 800’ above the then ocean level, or about 500’ about current sea level.

    Both entry and exit craters show evidence of massive flow, where the Sacajawea Crater shows eruption flow from the Northern side into BC, Yukon Territory and Alaska, as well as South into Utah, Nevada and California. The exit crater (Taklamakan) shows massive (and probably more sustained) flow to the East. The visual evidence supports the narrative of 'the fountains of the great deep' opening up, flooding the whole earth.

    I just realized the above information is contained in my book, but not in the blog, so I will edit that information into the blog in the next day or so.

    Thanks for your comment.


  7. I have been scoping out the Sacajewea and Talamakin craters using Google earth and an Apple app I have called elevation earth. I have the elevation exaggerated at 35X to get a better idea of the hill and dell of it all. The more I look at these, the less I think they are related. Sacajewea runs north and south and Talamakin runs east and west. If one was an exit point, it would be jagged and spread out like Sacajewea. Entry of a "missile" is usually small and precise while it's exit is jagged. If they were related I would say that Talamakin was the entry point. Would it even be possible for a 300 or 600 mile wide object to penetrate, all the varied layers of the crust and mantle and come out on another side of earth? Would the object itself suffer the journey through without breaking up or melting down.
    However, I do believe that they are craters or certainly locations of a couple huge events in the history of earth. Looking at the Talamakin Desert and the surrounding that include the emaciated Tibetin Plateau to the drainage toward eastern China and down into Indo-China one has to conclude that some sort of big-time drainage took place, not to mention the convolution to the west. As I looked at it today, I wondered if this might included water and fire. The plateau, I believe, was part of the massive mountain range and if you tilt the earth (in my Elevation Earth app), looking at it low and from east to west, there is a distinctive intrusion feathered from the east coast of China, across lower Mongolia, a low flying object against earth's rotation and plowing into these mountains creating the Talamakin Desert. My suspicion is that this object slammed the crust even unto the mantle which may explain in part the drastic subduction of India under this very mountain range (the Himilayas. It is fun to speculate and probably would be some fodder for good fiction at the very least. John and Andreas, I think your on to something!